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Spanish words and phrases:
Ecuador Travel Guide General pronunciation | Vowels | Consonants | Pronouns | Tips | Greetings & Courtesies | Basic questions | Basics | Useful Ecuadorian Expressions | Useful verbs
Learning Spanish is essential when you're traveling to Latin American countries or, at least the basics. In The best of Ecuador.com we have prepared a few useful phrases and general rules that may help you before your journey, as well as FREE Spanish Lessons available online for a fast, Interactive Spanish learning experience!
 Ecuador and Galapagos Travel General pronunciation
The following rules should be considered: 1) If a word ends in a consonant such as N or S, the accent falls on the last syllable (e.g. caminar); 2) If a word ends in a vowel, or in N or S, the accent falls on the penultimate syllable (camisa, camisas); 3) If a word is accentuated on a syllable (different to the above mentioned rules), the accent on the relevant vowel shows you where the stress intonation has to be placed (cinturón, metáfora). Usually adverbs such as donde (where), have an accent in the first syllable when it is used interrogatively; ¿dónde? (where?).
 Ecuador and Galapagos Travel Vowels pronunciation

A as in English "as", but without the "S"
E as in English "end"
I as in English "see"
O as in English "shot"
U as in English "good". After the consonant "q" or in "gui", or "gue", U is not pronounced, when "güi", or "güe", the U is pronounced.

 Ecuador and Galapagos Travel Consonants

All consonants are pronounced the same as in English, unless the ones listed below:

CLike in English "k", except when it is before an e or an i, then it is pronounced like the "S" in English.

GWhen it is before an e or an i, sounds the same as "J".When it is before an o, u and a, sounds the same as "Go"

HNever pronounced!

JSounds like the "H"in English, e.g. "Home"

LlLike in English "G"

Ñ As "ni" in English, but stronger.

RrMuch more stronger than thenormal "R"

XIt depends on its location, same as in English, e.g. "Xerox".

ZAs in English "S

 Ecuador and Galapagos Travel Pronouns
You should always refer to two or more people including children as "Ustedes". To refer to others as "Tu" besides being inappropriate, could annoy officials and older people. If your Spanish is limited, try to keep the polite expressions: Usted (Ud) in the singular, Ustedes in the plural and you will never offend anyone. You may violate this rule when dealing with a friend or a child.
 Ecuador and Galapagos Travel Tips
In Ecuador the most common reply to ¡Gracias! is ¡A la orden! ("Yours to command!"), or "¡De nada!" ("It's nothing!"). Also, many misunderstandings occur due to terminology rather than tardiness. e.g. Ahora (now) is often used to say "today", and Ahorita means "right now" or immediately.
 Ecuador and Galapagos Travel Greetings & courtesies
Good-bye = adiós, chao Good morning = buenos días
Hello = hola Go away! = ¡váyase!
How are you? = ¿como está?, or ¿como estás?Good afternoon, evening, or night = buenas tardes, noches
Leave me alone = déjame en páz, or "no me moleste"I do not understand = no entiendo
Yes = siNo = no
Please = por favorSee you later = hasta luego
What is your name? = ¿Cómo se llama?Thank you (very much) = (muchas) gracias
I speak Spanish = Yo Hablo españolI don't speak Spanish = Yo no hablo español
I speak = Yo HabloMoney = Dinero
I'm fine = Estoy bienI'm called = Yo me Ilamo
We speak German = Hablamos alemánDo you speak English? = ¿Habla usted inglés?
They speak French = Hablan francésPlease speak slowly = hable despacio por favor
I am very sorry = lo siento mucho, or disculpeWhat do you want? = ¿Que desea?
Good = buenoBad = Malo
I want = Yo quieroI don't want it = No lo quiero
Long distance phone call = Ilamada de larga distanciaExcuse me & I beg your pardon = permiso
Pleased to meet you = mucho gusto, encantado, or encantada
 Ecuador and Galapagos Travel Basic questions

Have you got a room for two people?
¿tiene habitación para dos personas?

When? = ¿Cuándo?

arrive? = ¿llega?
How do I get to_? = ¿Cómo llego a_?

Where is ? ¿Donde está?
How much does it cost? = ¿Cuanto vale?, or ¿Cuanto cuesta?

Where is the nearest petrol station?
¿Dónde está la gasolinera más cercana?

How much is it? = ¿Cuánto es?
When does the bus leave? = ¿A que hora sale el bus?

Why? = ¿Por qué?

 Ecuador and Galapagos Travel Basics
Bank = El BancoMoney = Dinero
Bathroom / Toilet = El bañoExpensive = Caro
Bill = La cuenta / La facturaMarket = Mercado
Cash = EfectivoCoins = Monedas / Sueltos
Cheap = BaratoPolice = El Policía
Church / Cathedral = Iglesia / CatedralPolicemen = La policía
Exchange house = Casa de cambioPost office = Oficina de Correo
Supermarket = El supermercadoTelephone office = Centro de llamadas
Travelers' cheques = Cheques de viajeroExchange rate = Tasa de cambio
 Ecuador and Galapagos Travel Useful Ecuadorian Expressions
How are you? or What's up?¿Que tal?, ¿Como estas?
Right now!¡Ahorita!
LodgingAlojamiento
CabinCabaña
Countryside peopleCampesino, Montubio
BusBus, Colectivo
Pastry filled with meat or cheeseEmpanada
CornerEsquina
StreetCalle
AvenueAvenida
ForeignerGringo/a
Mixed grillParrillada
FloorPiso
Town or villagePueblo
Soft drinkRefresco
ShopTienda
AfterwardsDespués, Luego
 Ecuador and Galapagos Travel Useful verbs
To Go Ir
I go Yo voy
You go (Singular)Tu vás
You, and they go (Plural)Ellos van
He, she, it goes El, Ella, Eso vá
We go Nosotros vamos
To have (possess)Tener
I have Yo tengo
You have (Singular)Tu tienes
You and they have (Plural)Ustedes, Ellos tienen
He, she, it hasEl, Ella, eso tiene
We have Nosotros tenemos
Also used as "to be"Ser
I amSoy, or Yo soy
You are (Singular)Tu eres, or eres
You and They are (Plural) Ustedes, ellos son
He, she it isEl, ella, eso es
We areNosotros somos
Also used as "to have"Haber
I have eatenYo he comido
You have eatenTu haz comido
You and they have eatenUstedes, ellos han comido
He, she, it has eatenEl, ella, eso ha comido
We have eatenNosotros hemos comido
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Spanish words and phrases:
Ecuador Travel Guide General pronunciation | Vowels | Consonants | Pronouns | Tips | Greetings & Courtesies | Basic questions | Basics | Useful Ecuadorian Expressions | Useful verbs
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